To Brown's surprise, 5 percent of the men and 4 percent of the women indicated they had not been truthful when they answered the-partners question, and an additional 16 percent of the men and 11 percent of the women indicated they provided a response that they knew to be inaccurate. Thus, in total, 21 percent of the men and 15 percent of the women admitted they had lied and/or they had provided an inaccurate partner count.
"They gave an answer and then two minutes later admitted they had lied about the answer," Brown said.
Analyzing the responses of these admitted liars, whom Brown calls "self-incriminators," compared to other respondents who said they were telling the truth, he found that self-incriminators composed more than half of all respondents who said they had had more than 50 lifetime partners. More concretely, there were 39 self-incriminators among the 76 men who claimed that they had had more than 50 partners, and there were 11 self-incriminators among the 17 women who indicated the same thing.
Brown also found that self-incriminators were more likely than other respondents to use rough approximation as a method of identifying the number of partners and that removing these self-incriminators from the sample significantly reduced the gender discrepancy in reports of partners. However, removing the self-incriminators did not eliminate the discrepancy nor did it alter the relationship between gender and strategy use. Brown and his colleagues concluded that "bad-faith" responding is one part of the story and that cognitive factors also play an important role.
Brown and colleagues are now analyzing data from a large-scale telephone survey designed to see if Web-based surveys encourage or support extreme response patterns.
Maybe the high-count, self-incriminators are just "flaming trolls," Brown said. "They could be liars who lie about lying."
|Janda Muda Kesepian|